Week 17 – Document

This week I share how I worked out my dad’s true birth year using the 1921 Census.

When I was growing up I remember dad telling me that there was confusion surrounding his year of birth. From what I remember he said the government had his age a year older than what was recorded in the family bible by his mother. I have never sighted the family bible so I have no way of knowing what was recorded there.

Dad turned 65 in November and retired in December. I believe I was in year 12 , so he would have retired in 1984. This would mean that the government had his birth recorded as 1919.

Dad died on December 6, 1999 at the age of 80. Which of course would mean he was born in 1919.

As birth records for 1919 and later have not been made public yet, I turned to the 1921 census. Of course they didn’t make it easy to locate the entry for the Rines family on the forms. The transcription of the surname has been recorded as Kines.

Based on my analysis of the census document I determined that dad was in fact born in 1919.

Excerpt of 1921 Canadian Census, https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1921/

The 1921 census was taken in the first half of the year. Dad is the final Rines entry (Carl) listed on the document. According to this he was aged one. The heading on the document stipulates that the age recorded be the age at the person’s last birthday. If dad had been born in 1920 then he would have been approximately seven months old at the time of enumeration. As he was approximately six months away from his next birthday he wasn’t yet two. So I believe that according to the info on the census document dad was indeed born in 1919.

Carl Rines, Circa 1940, taken at family home 1087 Division Place, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane, Australia.

Week 16- Negatives

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander readers are advised that the following post contains names of people who have died.

I racked my brain to come up with something to write about for this weeks prompt. I didn’t have any actual negatives to take a look at so I couldn’t focus my attention on that. Then I thought about the negative things I have discovered about some of my early ancestors and although I’ve researched many of them extensively, I feel I need to learn more before I tell their stories.

So I thought about my own recent experiences and I remembered the negative attitude I had about one of the units I had to study for my Diploma in Family History. Although I thoroughly enjoyed most of the subjects, there was one that had me feeling less than positive.

Oral History- Although I loved the idea of interviewing an ancestor, the reality was I didn’t have any ancestors to interview. My parents and all my grandparents were long gone, and any elder relatives I had were in Canada. I thought about conducting an interview remotely but decided it wasn’t possible. Although I knew the interview did not have to be specifically about my own family, that was what I really wanted to focus on.

I thought about organising to interview someone in the local community, but with Covid at its peak, I decided to stay closer to home, so I decided to interview my husband. My husband’s experiences growing up in Australia were very different to mine, so I decided I would focus on that.

The unit I was less than enthusiastic about turned out to be one of the most interesting. The following is the shortened version of the essay I wrote based on the interview with my husband Richard.

A Serendipitous Discovery

I first noticed the paintings at my mother-in-law’s home when I came to Australia in the late 1980s. At that time, I didn’t take much notice of them, as I’d had little exposure to Australian art.

Photograph of watercolour painting, 2021, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane, Queensland.
Photograph of watercolour painting, 2021, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane, Queensland.

When my mother-in-law died in 2014, my husband inherited the paintings along with some other Indigenous artefacts that she had collected over the years. It was then that I discovered the importance of the paintings, but it wasn’t until my recent oral history interview with my husband Richard, that I became aware of their significance to the Orchard family history.

Richard, the eldest of three boys was born in Warwick, Queensland. He lived there until the late 1960s when his father, a trained baker decided a change of career was needed. Richard recalled his father becoming dissatisfied with his job, so he applied for a position as a labourer on a local construction site. After a while, he started working as a carpenter and spent some time building houses. An opportunity for employment in Darwin came up with the construction of the new airport so he applied for a position. The family packed up and started on what would be the beginning of a 10-year adventure. “The family actually bought a caravan and we towed it all the way to Darwin and lived in a caravan in Darwin while he worked on the airport construction site up there,” said Richard.

The family moved from one construction job to another. For the first 18 months they moved from place to place – Darwin, Cairns, Calliope, never spending more than six months in one location.

In 1971 following a short trip home to Warwick, the family set out once again. This time the destination was Hermannsburg Aboriginal community. Richard’s dad had applied for a position with the Australian Aboriginal Commission to build the new community centre at the Hermannsburg Aboriginal Mission in Central Australia, near Ayres Rock. His application was successful, “so we all piled in the caravan again and drove out to Hermannsburg”.

Hermannsburg Aboriginal Mission was established by Lutheran missionaries in 1877. Established as a school and dormitories for children, it remained under the control of the Lutheran Church until 1982 when the land was returned to the local Arrente people.

Hermannsburg Aboriginal community is also known as the home of Aboriginal painter Albert Namatjira. Albert Namatjira was the founder of what is known as The Hermannsburg School Art Movement. Encouraged by Albert Namatjira to take up painting, Benjamin Landara was one of the early artists of the Hermannsburg School Art Movement. He was also the husband of Albert Namatjira’s daughter, Maisie Namatjira. The two paintings pictured were painted by Benjamin Landara.

Between 1971 and 1974 Richard lived in the Northern Territory in the communities of Hermannsburg, Alice Springs, and Ayres Rock.

During their stay in Hermannsburg, the family immersed themselves in the lives and culture of the local Indigenous community. Richard recalled establishing relationships with some of the Aboriginal people that were there. “I remember one old gentleman in particular that I spent days with, and he was showing me just little things, things like animal tracks, understanding how some of the timbers worked and so on, much as they would teach their own children,” said Richard.

I asked Richard about the significance of the paintings and he recalled his time spent with Benjamin Landara. “I mentioned an elderly gentleman that I spent a lot of time with, who taught us lots of things- that was Benjamin Landara. We built a strong relationship with him; he was like a grandfather. He told us stories. Mum and dad also had a good relationship with him,” said Richard.

One of the paintings, the one with the gum trees on the one side was a gift to the family from Benjamin Landara. The other painting with a gum tree on each side was commissioned by Richard’s mother.

During the interview, Richard talked about a set of boomerangs carved by Benjamin Landara that are also part of the collection of items he inherited. There are two boomerangs in the set – one for hunting and one for fighting. He recalled time spent with Benjamin Landara where he was taught about the construction of the boomerangs. The boomerangs, stained with ochre “were roughly shaped. They were then soaked in water to soften the timber up and then the upper curved surface of the boomerang is carved in ridges with a kangaroo bone,” said Richard.

The time spent learning from and interacting with Benjamin Landara are treasured memories for Richard. The paintings and the stories attached to them will continue to be passed down to future generations of the Orchard family.

Bibliography

Art Gallery New South Wales, “Albert Namatjira”, https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/education/exhibition-kits/hills-beyond-hermannsburg/albert-namatjira/, accessed March 10, 2021.

Aussi Towns, “Hermannsburg NT”, https://www.aussietowns.com.au/town/hermannburg-nt, accessed March 10, 2021.

CooeeArt, “Market”, https://www.cooeeart.com.au/marketplace/artists/profile/LandaraBenja/, accessed Mar 10, 2021.

Commissioned watercolour painting, photograph, 2021, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane Australia.

Find & Connect, “Hermannsburg Mission (1877-1982)”, https://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/nt/YE00017, accessed March 10, 2021.

Orchard, Richard, oral history interview by Tracey Orchard, digital recording, Brisbane, Queensland, 27 Feb 2021, original held by author.

Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages, Queensland.

The Hermannsburg School of Modern Art, “Albert Namatjira-Pioneer”, https://thehermannsburgschool.org/albert-namatjira-pioneer/, accessed March 10, 2021.

Watercolour painting, photograph, 2021, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane Australia.

Week 15 – How Do You Spell That?

The prompt at 52 Ancestors this week is … How Do You Spell That? Upon reading the prompt, I immediately thought about my maternal third great-grandmother Marie and the confusion around the spelling of her surname.

Marie Maillot

Marie Maillot, Myott, Mailhot, Myatt or Maiotte, has so far proven to be one of the most intriguing mysteries on my Jamieson line.

When I first started researching Marie, I discovered that many family trees on Ancestry.com had Marie’s surname spelled Myott. Her parents were listed as Scottish immigrants, Thomas Myott and Margaret Campbell, but the only record provided in support of this theory was a marriage record for the couple. Although this proved that a Thomas Myott and Margaret Campbell did in fact marry, it in no way connected them to my Marie. After extensive research I was unable to find any evidence to support this connection, therefore I concluded that my Marie was most likely French-Canadian, and I set out to prove this theory.

According to the individual record on PRDH, Marie Maillot was born around 1805. No information about her parents, her baptism or her burial were recorded on the record. The only additional information was the date of her marriage to Thomas Jamieson, my third great-grandfather.

Thomas and Marie were married in St Jean Church of England on 25 Aug 1823 in St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec. The marriage record was signed by Thomas Jamieson, his father Hugh Jamieson, and George Miller. Marie Maillot signed with her mark “x” as she was unable to sign her name.

During their marriage Thomas and Marie had 11 children:

Margaret Jamieson 1823-1904
Hugh Jamieson 1824-1859
Amelia Jamieson 1825-1825
Agnes Ann Jamieson 1826 – 1909
Joseph Jamieson 1828 – 1904 (My ancestor)
Thomas Jamieson 1829 –
Peter Jamieson 1831 – 1856
Elizabeth Jamieson 1835 – 1856
Jane Orilla Jamieson 1837 – 1838
Thomas Mary Jamieson 1842-
William Jamieson 1846 –

Marie Maillot died 09 May 1855 in Roxton Falls, Québec. The burial record is from St Jean Baptiste Catholic Church. The signatures that I can successfully transcribe are Thomas Jamieson, Peter Jamieson, and Hugh Jamieson. An obituary for Marie in the Montreal Gazette confirmed her date of death.

The first step in my search for Marie’s true identity was to research and compile a list of Marie candidates, then rule them out one by one. As Marie was unable to sign any of the documents found, the spelling of her surname varied. I concluded the most likely spelling was the one from her death record (Maillot) as this was recorded in French. 

I knew Marie’s estimated date of birth was 1805. I examined every PRDH record I could find for Marie Maillot, born between 1800 and 1810, (five years either side of her estimated date of birth). I looked at the birth, marriage, and death dates of all the candidates and narrowed it down to one possibility:

Marie Maillot – Born 17 Aug 1802 in Chambly to parents Joseph Maillot and Marguerite Benjamin dit St Aubin. The document listed the birth, marriage, and burial dates for most of her siblings, but only Marie’s birth date was listed.

I had saved baptism records for most of the children born to Thomas and Marie, so I started looking for clues. As I looked over the saved documents, I noticed that I had saved two sets of baptism records for the two youngest children, Thomas Mary and William.

Upon closer inspection it appeared that the last two children born to Thomas and Marie had been baptised twice. First as Catholic shortly after their birth, then as Protestant many months later. It appeared Thomas was not present for the Catholic baptisms and Marie was not present for the Protestant baptisms. It seemed a very odd occurrence, but the names, places and dates were almost identical. The only discrepancies I could find was in the birth dates which were out by a day on one and two days on the other.

I’ll continue to research these births, but unless I can find proof of another couple with the same names in the same town, who gave two children born only a day or two apart the same names, then I’m pretty sure these double baptisms occurred.

Whatever the circumstances around the baptisms, the question now is why? What prompted Marie to have her last two children baptised Catholic?

The first possible clue was the use of the name Thomas twice for Thomas and Marie’s children. The first Thomas was born in 1829. I have not been able to find any other record of this Thomas, so did he die and if so when? A daughter Jane Orilla was born in 1837 and died in 1838.  Did Thomas and Jane die around the same time? And was that what prompted Marie to have her last two children baptised Catholic?

As I wondered what caused Marie to return to her Catholic faith, I also wondered what made her turn away from it in the first place. Was it the fact that Thomas and Marie’s first child Margaret was born only five weeks after their marriage? Although it will never be known, it is possible that her pregnancy was a factor. Not only did Marie fall pregnant outside of marriage but she married outside her faith and she married a Scotsman. These three things may not have met with the approval of her family.

The next question I asked was how do I tie my Marie to the Marie born to parents Joseph Maillot and Marguerite Benjamin dit St Aubin?

As the Protestant baptism records only had the parent’s names and dates, there were no useful clues. The Catholic baptism records contained the name of the “marrain” which is godmother in French. The godmother on both Catholic baptism records was Euphrosine Lebrun who was the wife of David Maillot, son of Joseph Maillot and Marguerite Benjamin dit St Aubin. I now had a connection to the suspected family.

Convinced that the records, although complicated, supported my theory of Marie’s identity, it was time to see where the DNA evidence would take me.

The first thing I did was add Marie’s suspected parents and four grandparents to my family tree on Ancestry.com. The idea was to wait for ThruLines to generate a few hints that I could use as clues. After 24 hours the ThruLines had been created and I had 64 possible DNA matches, who according to information from their trees, descend from Marie’s parents or grandparents.  Knowing that ThruLines are only as good as the trees that the information is taken from, I knew a lot of additional research would be required.

To date I have only analysed the top five or six matches, but so far, their research and trees seem sound. It looks like these matches and myself descend from ancestors that confirm my hypothesis – Marie was the daughter of Joseph Maillot and Marguerite Benjamin dit St Aubin.

As I’m working with my French-Canadian ancestry there is always the possibility that there are multiple ways we are related, but so far I’ve found nothing that would suggest a closer common ancestor or ancestor couple.

I will continue to research, but for now I am convinced that I have solved the mystery of the identity of Marie Maillot.

Sources

The following sources were used in my research:

Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec (BAnQ), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, https://www.banq.qc.ca.

Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH), https://www.prdh-igd.com.

Québec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), LAFRANCE Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths, https://www.genealogiequebec.com.

Week 14 – Check it out

Several months ago, my daughter found a crocheted blanket at an op shop. As we looked it over, we noticed that several of the squares were damaged. We decided to take it home with us and see if it could be saved. It was just before Christmas, so I washed it and tucked it away in the spare room.

Last week as I was cleaning the spare room, I found the blanket under a pile of my fabrics, so I pulled it out and decided to have a go at fixing it. Five hours later I had repaired the four damaged squares and the blanket was ready for its second life.

As I sat and worked on the repairs I wondered about the story behind the blanket. I thought about the time and love that went into the project. I thought about my own mother and all the crocheted projects she had made over the years.

Mum had always been a knitter, but it wasn’t until the 1970s that she took up crocheting. I remember my Aunt Shirley (mum’s younger sister) sitting with her and teaching her how to crochet. After those first lessons mum became a crocheting wizard.

I remember her making Christmas arrangements that she would sell to make a bit of extra money just before the holidays. She would take a large margarine container and punch holes all around the top edge. She would then crochet around until she had completely covered the container. She would crochet three chains to make a hanging basket and then fill the basket with fake flowers and other festive items. Mum would hang the baskets in the front window of our house with a little sign and people would stop and buy the arrangements.

The annual school tea and sale (fete) was always a busy time for mum. She would spend hours crocheting little items for the craft stall. One item I can remember her making was a little bonnet.  She would crochet a tiny little bonnet, tie it on a lollypop, then she would draw a face on the lollypop. She made hundreds of these over the years and they were always a big hit with the kids.  

I remember the bed spreads mum made for her sister Doreen. Aunt Doreen loved the colour mauve, so mum made her a set of single bed covers in mauve and white. The centres of the squares were mauve roses, and the rest of the square was white.

As I sat and stitched and remembered, I thought about all the blankets and other projects mum made over the years and I wondered how many of them made their way to a charity shop.

Thankfully, I have several that she made, including the first granny square blanket that she made in the 70s. I brought the blanket with me when I moved to Australia in 1990. Sadly it suffered a bit of damage to one of the squares and has been packed away for years. My recent mending experiment prompted me to finally make the needed repairs and I’m so glad I did. Check it out…

The repair work doesn’t match perfectly. The yellow is a little lighter and the dark blue is slightly different. I’m happy with the results and think mum would be pleased that her blanket is once again being enjoyed.

Joseph Alexandre Ulderique L’Oiseau

Today marks the one hundred and six year anniversary of the death of my maternal great-grandfather Joseph Alexandre Ulderique L’Oiseau. Ulderique also known as Henry Bird died at the Battle of St Eloi on the night of April 9, 1916.

Private Ulderique L’Oiseau
21st Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force
4th Infantry Brigade
2nd Canadian Division

Photograph of Private Ulderique L’Oiseau, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 1915, original held by N. McCormack Johnson, New York State.

“In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,”[1]

The fields of Flanders, the final resting place of my great-grandfather Private Ulderique L’Oiseau, service number 59600.[2] He was one of the nearly 61,000 Canadians who died in World War One.[3]

Joseph Alexandre Ulderique L’Oiseau (Ulderique) was the youngest of seven children.[4] He was born in Montréal, Québec, Canada on March 7, 1872. A seventh child for Aurelie D’Aragon dit Lafrance and fifth child for Joseph L’Oiseau.[5]  

Aurelie married Joseph L’Oiseau after the death of her first husband Cyrille L’Oiseau. During my research I discovered that Cyrille and Joseph were distant cousins.

Very little information can be found about Ulderique’s early years, but he can be found on the 1881 Canadian Census living near Montreal in Hochelaga Village with his parents and three older siblings.[6] By the age of 17, he had moved to Kingston, where he married Mary Ann Maville (Annie) on April 29, 1889.[7]

Following their marriage Ulderique and Annie remained in Kingston, where Ulderique worked as a barber at TJ Healey’s barber shop.[8] Ulderique and Annie had nine children, the youngest William Adolphe was born in 1909.[9] 

Ulderique enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) at the age of 42. His attestation papers were signed in Kingston, Ontario on November 11, 1914 and he was assigned to the 21st Battalion.[10]

In the years prior to his enlistment Ulderique had served in the military reserve. His previous service included three years with the 14th Rifle Brigade of the Princess of Wales Own Regiment and one year in the 5th Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery.[11]

When Canada entered the war in August 1914, there was no shortage of men eager to answer the call to enlist. Reasons such as patriotism or a sense of adventure were some of the motivating factors.[12] It is not known why Ulderique, at the age of 42, with a wife and young children still living at home would enlist. He was at the higher end of the age limit, which at the time was 18-45.[13] The percentage of married men who served was also relatively low at only 20%. During “the first year of the war the wives of married men could demand that their husbands be released from service”.[14]

In an article from the local paper, The Daily British Whig dated Aug 20, 1914 Col. Morrison describes the practice of woman preventing their husbands from going to war as being used too liberally, describing Canadian woman as being unpatriotic.[15]

It appears that Kingston, a city with a long military history did not suffer from a lack of patriotism. The call to enlist went out and many local men including Ulderique enlisted.[16]

At the time of his enlistment, statistically Ulderique was in the minority. During the early stages of the war 70% of Canadians enlisting were British born subjects.[17] Ulderique was native born, his lineage tracing back over many generations to the founding of New France (Québec).[18]

The 21st Battalion remained in Kingston for training through to the spring of 1915.[19] During this time Ulderique received disciplinary action on two occasions. On March 18th he was fined $2.00 and on April 20th he was fined $6.00. No information regarding the nature of the offences is recorded but given the most common reason for disciplinary action was drunkenness, it is possible this was the reason for the disciplinary actions.[20]

On May 5th the Battalion departed Kingston by train for Montreal. They arrived in Montreal on the 6th and proceeded to the docks where they departed on the troopship the Metagama.[21]  The Metagama docked in Devonport England on May 16th.[22]

From Devonport the Batallion proceeded to West Sandling camp near Kent. Over the next few months, the 21st Battalion remained at West Sandling to undergo training. Diary entries are consistent over this time outlining the daily operations which included musketry training, bayonet fighting class, physical drills, and other training exercises. Instances of hospitalisations and disciplinary actions are also recorded.[23]  On May 24th Ulderique received disciplinary action for drunkenness and was fined $6.00.[24]

On September 1st the Battalion was inspected by His Majesty the King in preparation for deployment to the front.[25]  

On September 12th the Machine Gun section departed for the front from Southhampton. Ulderique along with the remainder of the 21st Battalion departed camp on the 14th and proceeded to Folkstone.[26] They boarded the steamer the St. Seiriol and proceeded to cross the channel arriving in Boulogna at 9 am.[27]

The battalion continued to St Omar and then to Dranoutre where they were engaged in the trenches for the next few weeks, eventually moving on to Ridgewood on October 22nd.[28] 

Fighting continued in the trenches N and O near Ridgewood alongside the 20th Battalion until April 5th. During this time diary entries report minimal daily casualties.[29] During this period Ulderique once again receives disciplinary action. He is sentenced to 14 days Field Punishment No. 1 and fined $6.00 for being absent from camp from 5pm December 26th to 5pm December 27th.[30]

On April 5th the 21st Battalion proceed to billets in La Clytte. They remained there until April 8th when they relieved the 27th Battalion at P trench in St. Eloi.[31] On April 7th, Ulderique is once again disciplined, this time for drunkenness and sentenced to 14 days field punishment No. 1 and fined $2.00.[32]

The Battle of St. Eloi took place between March 27th and April 19th. St. Eloi, situated about 5 kilometres south of Ypres, had been a scene of vicious fighting throughout the war. It was an important event for the 2nd Division as it was their first set battle.[33]

The night of April 8th the 21st Battalion along with the 12th and 19th were ordered to attack the craters.[34] The fighting was fierce, and by morning the 21st had suffered a total of 36 casualties.[35]

The fierce fighting continued and on the night of April 9th Private Ulderique L’Oiseau was killed.[36] Ulderique was buried a few days later in Ridgewood Cemetery, Voormezeele, West Flanders, Belgium.[37] His wife Annie was notified of the death of her husband by telegraph dated April 19, 1916.[38]

Figure 1. Image of telegram from newspaper article, Peter Gower, ‘Lost on the field of battle’, Kingston Whig Standard, 11 April 2005 news clipping held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane.

Following the war, the family received the 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Memorial Plaque, Scroll and Memorial Cross.[39]

Ulderique is honoured alongside other fallen soldiers from Kingston on the wall of Remembrance and on a memorial plaque in City Hall.[40] His grave is marked by a simple white headstone embellished with a maple leaf, erected by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.[41]

Below is a photo taken a few years ago when Ulderique’s grandson Sanford Jamieson, and Sanford’s children made the journey to visit his grave site.

Sanford Jamieson, 2018, original held by C. Paquette, Ottawa, Canada

Footnotes

[1] John McCrea, ‘In Flanders Fields’, Poetry Foundation, 1915, https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/47380/in-flanders-fields, accessed 20 August 2021.

[2] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, Canadian Expeditionary Force, Library and Archives Canada, RG150, Accession 1992-93/166, Box 5719-23, LOISEAU U, unpaginated.

[3] Canadian War Museum, “The Cost of War”, https://www.warmuseum.ca/firstworldwar/history/after-the-war/legacy/the-cost-of-canadas-war/, accessed 20 August 2021.

[4] Baptism of Cyrille Loiseau, baptised 01 August 1848, Boucherville, unpaginated, LAFRANCE Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths, Québec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), Num. 2966625; Baptism of Charles Eustache Loiseau, baptised 23 October 1851, Boucherville, unpaginated, LAFRANCE Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths, Québec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), Num. 5502666; Baptism of Joseph Alexandre Loiseau, baptised 14 February 1854, Boucherville, unpaginated, LAFRANCE Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths, Québec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), Num. 5502804, https://www.genealogiequebec.com/, accessed 20 August 2021; Marriage record of Joseph Ludger Loiseau and Marie Louise Landry, 31 July 1882, la Nativité-de-la-Brenheureux-Vierge-Marie, Québec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1968, Ancestry.com, accessed 20 Aug 2021; Baptism of Joseph Elie Emmanuel Loiseau, 19 April 1867, Montreal; Baptism of Marie Georgiana Loiseau, 26 January 1870, Montreal; Baptism of Joseph Alexandre Ulderique Loiseau, 7 March 1872, Montreal, Québec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection,) 1621-1968, Ancestry.com, accessed 20 August 2021.

[5] Baptism record of Joseph Alexandre Ulderique Loiseau.

[6] 1881 Canadian Census, Library and Archives Canada, https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/, accessed 20 Aug 2021.

[7] Marriage of Ulderique Loiseau and Mary Ann Miville, 25 Nov 1889, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada marriages 1826-1936, Ancestry.com, accessed 22 August 2021.

[8] Digital Kingston, Kingston Frontenac Public Library, “City Directories 1855-1923”, https://research.digitalkingston.ca/records-and-documents/city-directories/city-directories-1855-1923, Accessed 24 Aug 2021.

[9] Baptism of Margaret Ann Loiseau, 4 December 1892, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Roman Catholic Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1760-1923, Ancestry.com, accessed 20 August 2021; Marriage record of Fortineau Loiseau and Adelaide Yoemans, 3 April 1918, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801-1926, Ancestry.com, accessed 20 August 2021; Baptism of Alice Doris Loiseau, 6 January 1896, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada Records, Catholic Church. Saint Mary’s Cathedral (Kingston, Ontario), FamilySearch.org, accessed 20 August 2021; Birth of Mary Ann Loiseau, 8 October 1897, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada Births, 1858-1913, Ancestry.com, accessed 20 August 2021; Marriage Record of Leo Paul Loiseau and Gertrude Josephine Derosiers, 19 Feb 1924, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1826-1936, Ancestry.com, accessed 20 August 2021; Baptism of Mary Rose Loiseau, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Roman Catholic Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1760-1923, Ancestry.com, accessed 22 August 2021; Baptism of Delia Mary Loiseau, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Roman Catholic Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1760-1923, Ancestry.com, accessed 22 August 2021; Birth of Joseph Ulderique Loiseau, 30 October 1907, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario Canada Births, 1858-1913, Ancestry.com, accessed 22 August 2021; birth of William Adolph Loiseau, 11 Aug 1909, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada Births 1858-1913, Ancestry.com, accessed 22 August 2021.

[10] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, unpaginated.

[11] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, unpaginated.

[12] The Canadian Encyclopedia, ‘The Great War Soldier’, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/the-canadian-great-war-soldier, accessed 24 Aug 2021.

[13] The Canadian Encyclopedia, ‘The Great War Soldier’.

[14] The Canadian Encyclopedia, ‘The Great War Soldier’.

[15] Digital Kingston, Kingston Frontenac Public Library, ‘Daily British Whig’, 20 August 1914, Pg. 1 https://vitacollections.ca/digital-kingston/3677133/page/2?n=.

[16] Peter Gower, ‘Lost on the field of battle’, Kingston Whig Standard, 11 April 2005 news clipping held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane.

[17] The Canadian Encyclopedia, ‘The Great War Soldier’.

[18] Tracey Rines (Tracey Orchard) family tree, Ancestry.com.

[19] PWOR.ca, ‘21st Battalion History’, https://pwor.ca/museum/21st-battalion-history/, accessed 24 Aug 2021.

[20] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, unpaginated; Canadian War Museum, “Discipline and Punishment”, https://www.warmuseum.ca/firstworldwar/history/life-at-the-front/trench-conditions/discipline-and-punishment/, 11 Mar 2022.

[21] PWOR.ca, ‘21st Battalion History’.

[22] PWOR.ca, ‘21st Battalion History’.

[23] Diary entries 15 May 1915 to 31 July 1915, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF, Library and Archives Canada, https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-world-war/Pages/war-diaries.aspx. Accessed 10 August 2021.

[24] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, unpaginated.

[25] Diary entries 1 August 1915 to 1 September 1915, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF

[26] Diary entries 12 September 1915 to 14 September 1915, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF

[27] PWOR.ca, ‘21st Battalion History’.

[28] Diary entries 15 September 1915 to 22 October 1915, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF.

[29] Diary entries 23 October 1915 to 5 April 1916, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF.

[30] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, unpaginated.

[31] Diary entries 5 April 1916 to 8 April 1916, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF.

[32] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, unpaginated.

[33] Scholars Commons @ Laurier, Tim Cook, ‘The Blind Leading the Blind: The Battle of the St. Eloi Craters’, https://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1049&context=cmh, Accessed 12 Aug 2021.

[34] Cook, ‘The blind leading the blind: The Battle of the St. Eloi Craters’; Diary entry 8 April 1916, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF.

[35]Diary entry 8 April 1916, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF.

[36]Diary entry 9 April 1916, Confidential War Diary of the 21st Battalion CEF.

[37] 21st Battalion CEF, ‘Ulderique Henri Loiseau aka Henry Bird’. http://21stbattalion.ca/tributehl/loiseau_u.html, accessed 24 Aug 2021.

[38] ‘Lost on the field of battle’.

[39] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, unpaginated.

[40] ‘Ulderique Henri Loiseau aka Henry Bird’.

[41] Commonwealth War Graves Commission, ‘Find War Dead’, https://www.cwgc.org/find-records/find-war-dead/, accessed 24 Aug 2021.

Week 13- Sisters

The prompt this week at 52 Ancestors is Sisters, so I’ve decided to share a few of the memories I have of my maternal grandmother’s sister Mary Ann L’Oiseau.

Maime

Maime was born in Kingston Ontario on October 8, 1897. She was baptised Mary Ann L’Oiseau in St Mary’s Cathedral on October 27th. Maime was a younger sister to my maternal grandmother Alice L’Oiseau. Maime died in Kingston on Sept 10, 1973

Maime lived at 142 Pine Street near the corner of Division with her second husband Frank Teney. She had lived at this address for many years, sharing the home with her first husband Sanford Rawley who died in 1945. The residence, a small duplex appears to be still standing.

When I was very young my parents moved into 144 Pine Street, the other side of the duplex. We didn’t live there for long, (I believe we moved out when I was around the age of six).  Although I was young, I have fond memories of Aunt Maime. Our time together was short but thinking about her and the “trouble” we got up to always makes me smile.

Maime gave me my first glimpse into the French side of my family. She taught me my first French words and I can remember trying out my newly learned vocabulary on my mother. Despite my enthusiasm to demonstrate my abilities, my mother was not impressed. It wasn’t until years later that I learned the meanings of the words I was parroting. Although nothing too shocking, probably not the most appropriate words for a child.

Despite the colourful vocabulary, Maime was quite religious. She attended church at St John The Apostle. I remember a statue of the Virgin Mary that she had in her bedroom at the top of the stairs. I didn’t know what it was at the time, but I remember thinking it was very pretty.

There were two stores on opposite corners of Division and Pine. Marsh’s, I believe was the name of the one that was across the street from the duplex. Maime almost always shopped at Marsh’s. She would always have a chat with the butcher, and I would get a couple of the penny candies from behind the counter. We would occasionally go to the other shop, McBride’s but she never got me candy from there because she said their candy was stale. On one of our rare trips to the other shop, I was offered a piece of candy and I told them what Maime had told me – their candy was stale. Maime was horrified and I don’t think we ever went back.

I don’t remember if we had our dog Mickey when we were living there. I suppose we probably did as there are pictures of me taken with her when I was quite young. I do however remember having a pet turtle named Myrtle. Its house was a little terrarium style container, with plastic palm trees. It was quite low and apparently, the turtle escaped. Maime and I looked for it everywhere without success. She told me not to worry and promised me it would come home. Not long after, Myrtle made a miraculous return. Maime insisted that she had found her sleeping under the sofa. I suspect Maime had discovered poor old Myrtle had died and made up the story so she would have time to find a replacement. Whatever the truth, I was happy to have my turtle back.

One of the most vivid memories I have is of Maime and I making things using old bits of broken jewellery. She would cover a jar or bottle with putty – the stuff that was used to seal up window frames and then we would sit for hours pressing the bits of broken jewellery into the putty. They were the ugliest things, but back then I thought they were beautiful.

We eventually moved away from Pine Street, but we didn’t go far, moving just around the corner to Chatham Street. Of course, I missed Maime so it wasn’t long before I ran away from home and straight back to Maime. I made my way back to Pine Street, taking the little girl across the street with me. Maime rang dad to let him know we were there, and when he arrived, we were in the back-garden picking rhubarb.

That’s my last memory of Maime. Not long after that, I remember getting home from school and finding Uncle Frank sitting at the kitchen table with my mother. Mum was upset and when he left, she told me Maime had died. She gave me a little box that contained Maime’s pearls. They were a gift from her first husband Sanford, and she wanted me have them. I still have the pearls, which I later discovered were really mother of pearl. The string is broken but I will eventually have them repaired. I was not quite seven when Maime died, but she certainly left a lasting impression on me. I never got to meet my grandmother, but I feel very privileged to have known her sister. 

Week 12 – Joined Together

The prompt at 52 Ancestors this week is Joined together. I thought of a couple of ways I could approach this, but in the end I decided I would share a few photos and newspaper clippings from various family weddings.

Photo of mum’s sister Doreen Jamieson (Dodo) and James Moran on their wedding day. I also found an article about their wedding in The Kingston Whig Standard.

Doreen Jamieson and James Moran, 21 October 1946, Original held by M Taggart, Westport, Ontario
The Kingston Whig-Standard (Kingston, Ontario, Canada) · 1 Nov 1946, Fri · Page 6
Downloaded on Mar 27, 2022

Below are two photos from the wedding of my mum’s sister Shirley Jamieson and Douglas White. I couldn’t find anything about their wedding in the paper but I did find a clipping in the Kingston Whig Standard from The Bride of The Week competition.

Shirley Jamieson and Douglas White, 27 June 1953, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane, Australia.

Shirley Jamieson and Douglas White, 27 June 1953, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane, Australia.

Clipping from The Kingston Whig-Standard – Newspapers.com
The Kingston Whig-Standard (Kingston, Ontario, Canada) · 5 Jun 1953, Fri · Page 8 Downloaded on Mar 20, 2022.

Another wedding photo, this time of mum’s brother William Jamieson and Mary McKenna. I couldn’t find any articles about their wedding but I did find their engagement announcement in the Kingston Whig Standard.

William Jamieson and Mary McKenna, 1952, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane, Australia.

Clipping from The Kingston Whig-Standard – Newspapers.com
he Kingston Whig-Standard (Kingston, Ontario, Canada) · 6 May 1952, Tue · Page 9 Downloaded on Mar 20, 2022.

Week 11 – Flowers

The prompt at 52 Ancestors this week is Flowers. While searching through old newspapers from Kingston at newspapers.com, I came across this piece which describes the gardening abilities of my 2nd great-grandfather Joseph Jamieson. The piece appeared on page 6 of the Kingston Whig Standard on Saturday July 31, 1897.

Clipping from The Kingston Whig-Standard – Newspapers.com
The Kingston Whig-Standard (Kingston, Ontario, Canada) · 31 Jul 1897, Sat · Page 6 Downloaded on Mar 12, 2022

https://www.newspapers.com/clip/97485077/

Joseph owned a duplex on Johnson Street near the corner of King Street. Joseph and his family occupied one side of the house and he ran his plumbing business out of the other. Although some of the earlier buildings in this area are still standing, it looks like the old house at 42 Johnson Street was demolished to make way for the rather ugly and boring office building that now stands there.

Week 10- Worship

The prompt at 52 Ancestors this week is worship. Although religion would have been a huge influence in the lives of my French Canadian ancestors, I find myself at a loss as to what to write. So for this week I will simply be sharing a photo of a place that would have held significance for at least one my ancestors.

Exterior of Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, source Wikimedia Commons

Basilica Notre- Dame de Montréal – This is where my great-grandfather Joseph Alexandre Ulderique L’Oiseau was baptised on March 7, 1872. His parents were Joseph L’Oiseau and Aurelie D’Aragon dit LaFrance. His eldest half brother Joseph Alexandre L’Oiseau was listed as his parrain (godfather).

Aurelie’s first husband Cyrille L’Oiseau was a distant cousin to her second husband Joseph L’Oiseau.

Week 9 -Females

The theme of 52 Ancestors this week is females, so today I share a bit about my maternal grandmother Alice L’Oiseau Jamieson.

Photo of Alice and Joseph, Kingston, Ontario, 27 June 1953, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane
Photo of Alice L’Oiseau, date unknown, original held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane

Just Alice

When I started researching my maternal grandmother, one of the first things that fascinated me, was her name. As I learned more about her family, I discovered that her siblings and in particular her sisters, had been named very differently. Each of her sisters had been named following French Canadian naming traditions. There was Marguerite Ann, Mary Rose, Mary Ann, and Delia Mary. When Alice was baptised, she was named Alice… just Alice.

At first, I thought that it was simply a sign of changing times and maybe her mother had decided to break from tradition, but then I discovered Alice was the third eldest, so that didn’t appear to be the case. I was intrigued and I wanted to learn more.

Alice died in December 1966, eight weeks before I was born. Although I never knew her, my research over the years has given me a sense of the kind of woman she must have been. Strength and courage are the first words that come to mind when I think about her.

Alice was baptised in St Mary’s Catholic Cathedral, in Kingston, Ontario, Canada on January 26, 1896.  According to Alice’s baptism record she was born on January 13, 1896 to parents Mary Ann Miville and Ulderique L’Oiseau.[1] Both of Alice’s parents were of French-Canadian descent. Mary Ann had been born in Kingston; Ulderique had been born in Montreal.[2]  Alice, was one of nine children.

According to stories passed down from my mother Helen, Alice’s mother Mary Ann was a formidable woman, almost cruel in her treatment of Alice. Ulderique, on the other hand was a kind and loving man who was adored by Alice.

In April 1914, Ulderique enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Forces.[3] Ulderique remained in Kingston to undergo training until May 1915, when his unit departed for England.[4] When Ulderique left, Alice was heart-broken. Not only was her beloved father leaving her, but she would be left alone to face the consequences of a secret she was keeping.

On November 6, 1915 Alice gave birth to a son, Harold L’Oiseau.[5] The circumstances surrounding Harold’s birth remain a mystery. There were no adoption laws at that time, therefore, no records. Was Alice forced to give up her son? That is something we will never know, but whatever the circumstances, one can only imagine the anguish Alice would have suffered having to give up her child.

Following the birth of Harold, Alice continued to live with her mother, and worked at the local cigar factory, McGowen’s.[6] Life for Alice would have been one of drudgery. Not only would she have been expected to help her mother with the care of her younger siblings, but work conditions at the time saw young woman doing eleven hour shifts on the factory floor.[7]

In April 1916 the unimaginable happened. A telegraph arrived informing Mary Ann that her husband had been killed. Alice’s beloved father, Ulderique had been killed during the battle of St Eloi.[8] Alice was devastated by the news.

On December 31, 1917 Alice gave birth to another son. Alice now 21, did not give up her son. According to oral family history, Alice’s mother Mary Ann threw Alice out on the street when she learned of her pregnancy. She was taken in by her younger sister, Mary Ann (Mamie). Although a cruel act, no doubt, this may have been a blessing, as being away from her mother may have been the reason that she was able to keep her son.

Eventually, Alice reconciled with her mother and moved back to the family home. In the 1921 census, Alice and her son were living with Mary Ann at 80 Québec Street.
Alice continued to work at the cigar factory, earning money to support herself and her son.[9]

On October 4, 1922, Alice married Joseph Freeman Jamieson.[10] Alice and Joseph went on to have another 8 children together. The youngest child, a son was stillborn 13 August 1943.[11]

Alice died on January 6, 1966. She is buried in Cataraqui Cemetery, Kingston Ontario.[12]

Footnotes

[1] Baptism of Alice Loiseau, 26 January 1896, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Ontario Roman Catholic Church Records, Frontenac, Kingston, St Mary’s Cathedral, Baptisms 1891-1903, p. 134, FamilySearch.com, accessed 01 Nov 2021.

[2]Baptism of Joseph Alexandre Ulderique Loiseau, 7 March 1872, Montreal, Québec, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection,) 1621-1968, Ancestry.com, accessed 01 November 2021; Baptism of Annie Maville, 29 May 1870, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Roman Catholic, Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1760-1923, Ancestry.com, accessed 01 November 2021. 

[3] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau, Canadian Expeditionary Force, Library and Archives Canada, RG150, Accession 1992-93/166, Box 5719-23, LOISEAU U, u.p.

[4] Service record of Ulderique Loiseau.

[5] Birth record of Harold Loiseau, 06 November 1915, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario Vital Statistics: Registrations of Births Marriages and Deaths, Archives of Ontario.

[6] Digital Kingston, Kingston Frontenac Public Library, “City Directories 1855-1923”, https://research.digitalkingston.ca/records-and-documents/city-directories/city-directories-1855-1923, Accessed 02 Nov 2021.

[7] Susanna McLeod, ‘Without whiskey, cigar sales tumbled’, Kingston Whig Standard, 18 June 2019, n.p., https://www.thewhig.com/news/local-news/without-whisky-cigar-sales-tumbled, accessed 02 Nov 2021.

[8] Peter Gower, ‘Lost on the field of battle’, Kingston Whig Standard, 11 April 2005 news clipping held by Tracey Orchard, Brisbane.

[9]1921 Canadian Census, Library and Archives Canada, https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/, accessed 02 Nov 2021.

[10] Marriage of Joseph Freeman Jamieson and Alice Loiseau, 04 Oct 1922, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927, FamilySearch.com, accessed 01 Nov 21.

[11] Death certificate of unnamed male Jamieson, died 13 August 1943, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario, Canada, Deaths, and Deaths Overseas 1869-1946, Ancestry.com, accessed 06 Nov 21.

[12] Obituary of Alice Jamieson, Kingston Whig Standard 14 Dec 1966, p. 38, Newspapers.com, accessed 10 Jan 2022.